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Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects millions of people around the world. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections or use an insulin pump to replace the missing hormone and regulate their blood sugar levels. This type of diabetes usually develops in childhood or early adulthood and accounts for 5-10% of all diabetes cases.
Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or the pancreas stops producing enough insulin to meet the body's needs. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, and blood vessels, leading to a range of serious complications. Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adulthood and accounts for 90-95% of all diabetes cases.
There are several key differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, including:
In conclusion, type 1 and type 2 diabetes are two distinct and serious health conditions with different causes, treatments, and risks. Understanding these differences is crucial for managing diabetes and avoiding complications. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to work closely with your healthcare team to develop an individualized treatment plan that meets your unique needs and helps you manage your condition effectively.
Please remember, it is important to consult with a doctor or diabetes healthcare professional for personalised advice and guidance on how to manage diabetes.
Remember to always seek advice from your medical practitioner before changing anything about your diabetes management. The above information is not medical advice.