Sometimes, our definition of diabetes is limited to fluctuating sugar levels. In reality, it is much more than just that! Let's make science our friend this week and really understand what happens.
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that affects the human body's ability to regulate blood sugar levels. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, leading to a deficiency of insulin. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is characterized by insulin resistance, where the body's cells become less responsive to insulin's effects. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate the amount of glucose in the blood and allows it to enter cells for energy. Without proper insulin function, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream, causing high blood sugar levels. Over time, uncontrolled diabetes can lead to various complications, including heart disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, and vision problems. Management of diabetes involves maintaining a healthy lifestyle, monitoring blood sugar levels, taking prescribed medications, and, in some cases, using insulin therapy. Regular medical check-ups and a proactive approach to diabetes care are crucial for minimizing the long-term impact on the body.
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